Friday, November 23, 2007

Create a Message Driven Bean (MDB) and stand alone client

Friday, November 23, 2007 Posted by Andre Broers 9 comments
Next example is a message driven bean deployed on glassfish that gets called by a stand alone client. Let start with creating the JMS Connection Factory and the JMS Queue on glassfish.

Issue the following statement to create the connection factory:

asadmin create-jms-resource --restype javax.jms.ConnectionFactory jms/ConnectionFactory

After this create the resource destination:

asadmin create-jmsdest -T queue sampleQueue

Create the JMS destination:

asadmin create-jms-resource --restype javax.jms.Queue --property Name=sampleQueue jms/SampleQueue

Now we can create the Message Driven Bean:

broersa@debian1:~/work/HelloApp/HelloMDB/src/com/bekijkhet$ cat

[sourcecode language="java"]

package com.bekijkhet;
import javax.ejb.MessageDriven;
import javax.jms.MessageListener;
import javax.jms.Message;
import javax.jms.TextMessage;

public class HelloMDB implements MessageListener {

public void onMessage(Message msg) {
try {
if (msg instanceof TextMessage) {
TextMessage txtmsg = (TextMessage) msg;
System.out.println("Got message: "+txtmsg.getText());
} catch (Exception e) { System.out.println(e.toString()); }

broersa@debian1:~/work/HelloApp/HelloMDB$ cat build.xml
[sourcecode language="XML"]

simple example build file

description="compile the source " >

description="generate the distribution" >

description="clean up" >

Build and deploy the MDB:asant dist

asadmin deploy dist/HelloMDB.jar

Let's go on creating the stand alone client to call the MDB.

broersa@debian1:~/work/HelloApp/HelloClient/src/com/bekijkhet/helloclient$ cat

[sourcecode language="java"]

package com.bekijkhet.helloclient;
import javax.naming.*;
import javax.jms.*;

public class HelloMDBClient {
public static void main(String args[]) {
try {
// will get the local default context from appserv-rt.jar
Context ctx = new InitialContext();
ConnectionFactory connectionFactory = (ConnectionFactory)ctx.lookup("jms/ConnectionFactory");
Queue queue = (Queue)ctx.lookup("jms/SampleQueue");
javax.jms.Connection connection = connectionFactory.createConnection();
javax.jms.Session session = connection.createSession(false,Session.AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE);
MessageProducer messageProducer = session.createProducer(queue);
TextMessage message = session.createTextMessage();
message.setText("my own text message");
System.out.println( "Send: "+ message.getText());
} catch (Exception e) {System.out.println(e.toString());}
}[/sourcecode]Compile and run:

javac -cp $GLASSFISH_HOME/lib/appserv-rt.jar:$GLASSFISH_HOME/lib/javaee.jar:. -d .

java -cp $GLASSFISH_HOME/lib/appserv-rt.jar:$GLASSFISH_HOME/lib/javaee.jar:$GLASSFISH_HOME/lib/install/applications/jmsra/imqjmsra.jar:$GLASSFISH_HOME/lib/appserv-admin.jar:. com.bekijkhet.helloclient.HelloMDBClient

<snipped a lot of initialisation output..>

Send: my own text message

When we look at the server log file ($GLASSFISH_HOME/domains/domain1/logs/server.log) we can see the MDB got fired:

[#|2007-11-23T12:17:45.309+0100|INFO|sun-appserver9.1||_ThreadID=23;_ThreadName=p: thread-pool-1; w: 34;|
Got message: my own text message|#]
After this my client app (HelloMDBClient) hangs..... Press ctrl-c to end the process. I can't find a solution to get the program exit normally... It looks like another thread got starten to listen for incomming messages??

In the next sample I create an EJB to send messages which will be run from inside the container. This seams to work without hanging. Maybe someone can explain?


  1. Thanks... This was very helpful.

    I was missing the secret sauce.

    Missing some of the Jar Files....

    You should post on NB site.

    Thanks again!


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    Thanks for briefing in nice way